Chapter 9. Health Hazards of Obesity: An Overview

  1. Gareth Williams2 and
  2. Gema Frühbeck3
  1. Ronald C. W. Ma,
  2. Gary T. C. Ko and
  3. Juliana C. N. Chan

Published Online: 28 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470712221.ch9

Obesity: Science to Practice

Obesity: Science to Practice

How to Cite

Ma, R. C. W., Ko, G. T. C. and Chan, J. C. N. (2009) Health Hazards of Obesity: An Overview, in Obesity: Science to Practice (eds G. Williams and G. Frühbeck), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470712221.ch9

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

  2. 3

    Department of Endocrinology, Clínica Universitaria, de Navarra, Avda. Pío XII, 36, 31008 - Pamplona, Spain

Author Information

  1. Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, The Prince of Wales Hospital Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470019115

Online ISBN: 9780470712221



  • health hazards of obesity;
  • type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, vascular disease – grouped together as the ‘metabolic syndrome’;
  • polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS);
  • obesity and premature mortality;
  • general health status – modulates the effect of BMI on mortality;
  • physical fitness – important factor that confounds the relationships between obesity, morbidity and mortality;
  • myocardial infarction – most common cause of premature death in obese people;
  • obesity – frequently associated with one or more cardiovascular risk factors;
  • central obesity – linked with an increased risk of congestive cardiac failure


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Measures of obesity as predictors of morbidity and mortality

  • Obesity and premature mortality

  • Cardiovascular disease

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Malignancy

  • Gall-bladder disease

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Chronic renal failure

  • Ethnic differences in obesity-related predictors of disease

  • Conclusions

  • References