Chapter 3. The Monitoring of Ecological Status of European Freshwaters

  1. Philippe Quevauviller3,4,
  2. Ulrich Borchers5,
  3. Clive Thompson6 and
  4. Tristan Simonart7
  1. Angelo G. Solimini1,†,
  2. Ana Cristina Cardoso1,
  3. Jacob Carstensen2,
  4. Gary Free1,
  5. Anna-Stiina Heiskanen1,
  6. Niels Jepsen1,
  7. Peeter Nõoges1,
  8. Sandra Poikane1 and
  9. Wouter van de Bund1

Published Online: 31 OCT 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470716090.ch3

The Water Framework Directive: Ecological and Chemical Status Monitoring

The Water Framework Directive: Ecological and Chemical Status Monitoring

How to Cite

Solimini, A. G., Cardoso, A. C., Carstensen, J., Free, G., Heiskanen, A.-S., Jepsen, N., Nõoges, P., Poikane, S. and van de Bund, W. (2008) The Monitoring of Ecological Status of European Freshwaters, in The Water Framework Directive: Ecological and Chemical Status Monitoring (eds P. Quevauviller, U. Borchers, C. Thompson and T. Simonart), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470716090.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 3

    European Commission, DG Environment (BU93/142), rue de la Loi 200, 1049 Brussels, Belgium

  2. 4

    Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), IUWPARE, Dept; Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering, Building T, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium

  3. 5

    IWW Water Research Centre, Germany

  4. 6

    Alcontrol Laboratories, South Yorkshire, UK

  5. 7

    Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France

Author Information

  1. 1

    Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, TP 300, 21020 Ispra (VA), Italy

  2. 2

    National Environmental Research Institute, Dept. of Marine Ecology, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark

  1. The views expressed in this chapter are purely those of the author and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 OCT 2008
  2. Published Print: 24 OCT 2008

Book Series:

  1. Water Quality Measurements

Book Series Editors:

  1. Philippe Quevauviller3,4

Series Editor Information

  1. 3

    European Commission, DG Environment (BU93/142), rue de la Loi 200, 1049 Brussels, Belgium

  2. 4

    Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), IUWPARE, Dept; Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering, Building T, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470518366

Online ISBN: 9780470716090

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Keywords:

  • European freshwaters - ecological status monitoring;
  • Ecological Quality Ratio' (EQR);
  • lakes and ecological status assessment;
  • scanning flow cytometry (SFC);
  • macrophyte classification schemes;
  • benthic invertebrates;
  • river water quality biological monitoring;
  • rivers and stream electro-fishing;
  • reducing uncertainty, increasing confidence and precision

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Ecological Status and its Assessment in the Water Framework Directive Context

  • The Assessment of Ecological Status in Lakes

  • The Assessment of Ecological Status in Rivers

  • Reducing Uncertainty, Increasing Confidence and Precision

  • Standardisation Needs

  • Summary and Conclusions

  • References