Chapter 5. UWB Beamforming and Localization

  1. Thomas Kaiser and
  2. Feng Zheng

Published Online: 17 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470740019.ch5

Ultra Wideband Systems with MIMO

Ultra Wideband Systems with MIMO

How to Cite

Kaiser, T. and Zheng, F. (2010) UWB Beamforming and Localization, in Ultra Wideband Systems with MIMO, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470740019.ch5

Author Information

  1. Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany

  1. A part of Sections 5.1–5.5 of this chapter is reproduced with permission from [118]. Reproduced by permission of © IEEE 2009.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 26 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470712245

Online ISBN: 9780470740019



  • UWB beamforming and localization;
  • beamforming for UWB impulse signals-special properties different from narrowband beamformers;
  • ideal UWB impulse beamforming system;
  • beamformer output, function of time and spatial angle;
  • main lobe beamwidth of UWB beamformers;
  • schematic diagram for DoA estimation using UWB beamformer;
  • UWB localization;
  • BeamLoc approach-transmitter (tag) and receiver (sensor) equipped with UWB beamformers;
  • NLOS issue-localization problem for narrowband wireless systems;
  • first-path detection algorithms-accurate estimation of ToA


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Ideal UWB Impulse Beamforming

  • The Main Lobe Beamwidth of UWB Beamformers

  • Optimal Beamforming

  • Various Aspects of UWB Beamformers

  • UWB Localization

  • NLOS Issue

  • Multipath Issue

  • Summary

  • Appendix 5.A Distribution of Ranging Noise