Chapter 14. Intellectual Disabilities

  1. Ihsan M. Salloum Professor of Psychiatry Director4,5 and
  2. Juan E. Mezzich Professor of Psychiatry Director Past President6,7
  1. Sally-Ann Cooper Professor1 and
  2. Luis Salvador-Carulla Professor of Psychiatry2,3

Published Online: 11 MAY 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470743485.ch14

Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects

Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects

How to Cite

Cooper, S.-A. and Salvador-Carulla, L. (2009) Intellectual Disabilities, in Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects (eds I. M. Salloum and J. E. Mezzich), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470743485.ch14

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Division of Alcohol and Substance Abuse: Treatment and Research, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, FL, USA

  2. 5

    Section on Classification, Diagnostic Assessment and Nomenclature, World Psychiatric Association, FL, USA

  3. 6

    International Center for Mental Health and Division of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University, NY, USA

  4. 7

    World Psychiatric Association, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Section of Psychological Medicine, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK

  2. 2

    University of Cadiz (Spain), Spain

  3. 3

    Section on Psychiatry of Intellectual Disability, World Psychiatric Association, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 MAY 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

Book Series:

  1. World Psychiatric Association Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Helen Herrman

Series Editor Information

  1. WPA Secretary for Publications, University of Melbourne, Australia

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470725696

Online ISBN: 9780470743485



  • intellectual disabilities;
  • intellectual quotient (IQ), indicating intellectual ability;
  • mental retardation;
  • hidden psychiatric morbidity;
  • psycho-social masking;
  • psychiatry of intellectual disability;
  • developmental cognitive impairment;
  • diagnostic overshadowing;
  • intellectual distortions


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction: Classification of Intellectual Disabilities

  • Accurate Assessment of Symptoms of Mental Ill-Health Precedes Classification

  • ICD-10 AND DSM-IV-TR, Intellectual Disabilities, and Classification of Mental Ill-Health

  • DC-LD AND DM-ID, Intellectual Disabilities, and Classification of Mental Ill-Health

  • References