Chapter 2. Philosophical Perspectives on Health, Illness and Clinical Judgement in Psychiatry and Medicine

  1. Ihsan M. Salloum Professor of Psychiatry Director11,12 and
  2. Juan E. Mezzich Professor of Psychiatry Director Past President13,14
  1. Tim Thornton Professor Director1,
  2. Kwm (Bill) Fulford Professor Fellow Member Honorary Consultant Psychiatrist National Fellow2,3,4,5 and
  3. George Christodoulou Professor Honorary President President6,7,8,9,10

Published Online: 11 MAY 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470743485.ch2

Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects

Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects

How to Cite

Thornton, T., Fulford, K. and Christodoulou, G. (2009) Philosophical Perspectives on Health, Illness and Clinical Judgement in Psychiatry and Medicine, in Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects (eds I. M. Salloum and J. E. Mezzich), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470743485.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 11

    Division of Alcohol and Substance Abuse: Treatment and Research, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, FL, USA

  2. 12

    Section on Classification, Diagnostic Assessment and Nomenclature, World Psychiatric Association, FL, USA

  3. 13

    International Center for Mental Health and Division of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University, NY, USA

  4. 14

    World Psychiatric Association, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Central Lancashire, UK

  2. 2

    University of Warwick, UK

  3. 3

    University of Oxford, UK

  4. 4

    Institute for Philosophy, Diversity and Mental Health, University of Central Lancashire, UK

  5. 5

    Values-Based Practice, Department of Health, London, UK

  6. 6

    Athens University, Greece

  7. 7

    Standing Committee on Ethics, World Psychiatric Association, Greece

  8. 8

    European Division, Royal College of Psychiatry, Greece

  9. 9

    Hellenic Psychiatric Association, Greece

  10. 10

    Hellenic Center for Mental Health & Research, Athens, Greece

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 MAY 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

Book Series:

  1. World Psychiatric Association Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Helen Herrman

Series Editor Information

  1. WPA Secretary for Publications, University of Melbourne, Australia

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470725696

Online ISBN: 9780470743485



  • psychiatry and medicine - philosophical perspectives on health, illness and clinical judgement;
  • mental health care - conceptual questions and empirical ones;
  • partnership of psychiatrists and philosophers - deploying traditions and innovations of both disciplines;
  • philosophy of psychiatry and development of values-based practice;
  • complexities of health and illness concepts in ancient Greece - demands on role of clinical judgement in medicine and psychiatry;
  • health and illness and quality of patient's life;
  • person's well-being and psychic synthesis of each person;
  • history of philosophy as resource for clinical judgement;
  • empathy and understanding nature of individual human subjects;
  • tacit knowledge or ‘know-how’ in science


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Concepts of Health and Illness in Ancient Greece

  • Health and Illness

  • The History of Philosophy as a Resource for Clinical Judgement

  • Conclusions

  • References