Chapter 7. Dementia

  1. Ihsan M. Salloum Professor of Psychiatry Director2,3 and
  2. Juan E. Mezzich Professor of Psychiatry Director Past President4,5
  1. Olusegun Baiyewu Professor of Psychiatry

Published Online: 11 MAY 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470743485.ch7

Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects

Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects

How to Cite

Baiyewu, O. (2009) Dementia, in Psychiatric Diagnosis: Challenges and Prospects (eds I. M. Salloum and J. E. Mezzich), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470743485.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Division of Alcohol and Substance Abuse: Treatment and Research, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, FL, USA

  2. 3

    Section on Classification, Diagnostic Assessment and Nomenclature, World Psychiatric Association, FL, USA

  3. 4

    International Center for Mental Health and Division of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University, NY, USA

  4. 5

    World Psychiatric Association, USA

Author Information

  1. College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 MAY 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

Book Series:

  1. World Psychiatric Association Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Helen Herrman

Series Editor Information

  1. WPA Secretary for Publications, University of Melbourne, Australia

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470725696

Online ISBN: 9780470743485



  • dementia - chronic brain disease characterized by cognitive decline, functional impairment and behaviour symptoms;
  • dementia and Alzheimer's disease - lower prevalence and incident rates in developing societies;
  • dementia diagnosis and adequacy of DSM and ICD diagnostic criteria;
  • gold standard for diagnosis in dementia - neuropathological findings at autopsy;
  • inherited familial AD - amyloid precursor protein (APP), critical role in amyloid deposition;
  • neuroimaging - computerized tomographic scan (CT Scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional imaging (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) Scan;
  • behaviour symptoms in dementia;
  • dementia patient and assessment of functioning;
  • mild cognitive impairment (MCI);
  • treatment of patient with dementia - pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment, and well-being of carer


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Epidemiology

  • Diagnosis of Dementia

  • Pathology

  • Biologic Makers

  • Neuroimaging

  • Behaviour Symptoms in Dementia

  • Functioning

  • Mild Cognitive Impairment

  • Care of the Person with Dementia

  • Studies from Non-Western Societies

  • References