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Neurotoxicology

Target Organ and Tissue Toxicity

  1. Frode Fonnum DPhil

Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744307.gat058

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

How to Cite

Fonnum, F. 2009. Neurotoxicology. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology. .

Author Information

  1. University of Oslo, Institute of Basal Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Oslo, Norway

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

Abstract

The chapter describes the effect of several different toxic compounds on different targets in the nervous system. Special emphasis is put on the mechanism of excitotoxicity and the effect of oxidative stress on the brain. Several examples are given of compounds which seem to act on specific regions of the brain. The effects of environmental toxic compounds, such as polychlorinated biphenyls, flame retardants and methylmercury on brain function are discussed. Examples are given of compounds causing degeneration of axons and myelinopathy.

Keywords:

  • brain;
  • excitotoxicity;
  • oxidative stress;
  • axonal degeneration;
  • myelinopathy