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Veterinary Toxicology

Specialisation

  1. Frederick W. Oehme DVM, PhD, FATS, DABT, DABVT1,
  2. Wilson K. Rumbeiha DVM, PhD, DABT, DABVT2

Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744307.gat110

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

How to Cite

Oehme, F. W. and Rumbeiha, W. K. 2009. Veterinary Toxicology. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Kansas State University, Comparative Toxicology Laboratories, Manhattan, Kansas, USA

  2. 2

    Michigan State University, Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health, Lansing, Michigan, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

Abstract

The toxicology of domestic and wild animals is complicated by its excitement and diversity. The numerous species represented in their unique environments present anatomical, physiological, dietary and husbandry differences that allow the same toxins to exert unique and unusual effects on the varying animal species exposed to similar compounds, while at the same time effects may vary from none to acute lethality depending upon exposure scenarios. All the common synthetic and naturally occurring toxins are potentially lethal to all animal species. It is the circumstances of exposure that differentiates the dog or the cow becoming ill from the waters that contain the xenobiotic. Differences in response also emphasis the common variations in toxic effect observed in humans and the array of domestic animals and wildlife. Although humans and animal life have the potential to be exposed to insecticides, hazardous plants, drug overdoses, household and commercial chemicals, feed contaminants, pest-control agents, spoiled feeds/diets/garbage, metallic substances, fungi, naturally produced toxins, gases and mixtures of chemical agents offered to animals in their confined man-made environments, the range of such exposures are challenges to the diagnostic and management skills of veterinarians. The excitement of clinical and public-health veterinary toxicology is embodied in the topics of this tome.

Keywords:

  • common toxicoses;
  • species differences;
  • biochemical sensitivities;
  • household pets;
  • food producing species;
  • dietary hazards;
  • husbandry risks;
  • naturally occurring risks;
  • animal confinement health hazards;
  • public health and animals;
  • veterinary medicine uniqueness