Occupation, Toxic Exposures and Health Effects
Issues Relevant to Toxicology
Published Online: 15 DEC 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
General, Applied and Systems Toxicology
How to Cite
Lewinsohn, H. C. 2009. Occupation, Toxic Exposures and Health Effects. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology. .
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2009
This chapter reviews the subject of occupation, toxic exposures and human health. A brief historic update of occupational illness is mentioned. Further, the chapter reviews processes involving chemicals and their uses, with summaries of some forms of occupational diseases found. Current knowledge of toxicological exposure is dealt with briefly and discusses attempts to develop means of improving the safety of the work environment in which they occur. It is pointed out that the occupational physicians must be aware of toxic effects of materials in the workplace. The prevention of hazards and management of occupational illnesses will rely on collaboration between managers, industrial hygienists and medical officers, all intimately involved. Routes of exposure, target organs affected and control of those hazards are discussed in this chapter. Medical evaluation of health in industry is revised and an outline presented for the establishment of a medical surveillance programme.
- Occupational health;
- workplace safety and health;
- occupational exposure;
- occupational diseases;
- hazardous workplace substances;
- industrial medicine and hygiene;
- occupational medical surveillance;
- routes of exposure, target organs and control of workplace hazards;
- medical surveillance in industry