Standard Article

Occupation, Toxic Exposures and Health Effects

Issues Relevant to Toxicology

  1. Hilton C. Lewinsohn MBBCh, MFOM, DIH

Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744307.gat153

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

How to Cite

Lewinsohn, H. C. 2009. Occupation, Toxic Exposures and Health Effects. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology. .

Author Information

  1. Exeter Mill, Exeter, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2009


This chapter reviews the subject of occupation, toxic exposures and human health. A brief historic update of occupational illness is mentioned. Further, the chapter reviews processes involving chemicals and their uses, with summaries of some forms of occupational diseases found. Current knowledge of toxicological exposure is dealt with briefly and discusses attempts to develop means of improving the safety of the work environment in which they occur. It is pointed out that the occupational physicians must be aware of toxic effects of materials in the workplace. The prevention of hazards and management of occupational illnesses will rely on collaboration between managers, industrial hygienists and medical officers, all intimately involved. Routes of exposure, target organs affected and control of those hazards are discussed in this chapter. Medical evaluation of health in industry is revised and an outline presented for the establishment of a medical surveillance programme.


  • Occupational health;
  • workplace safety and health;
  • occupational exposure;
  • occupational diseases;
  • hazardous workplace substances;
  • industrial medicine and hygiene;
  • occupational medical surveillance;
  • routes of exposure, target organs and control of workplace hazards;
  • medical surveillance in industry