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National and International Aspects on Bioterrorism and Biosecurity

Military and Homeland Security Toxicology Issues

  1. Philippe Bossi MD, PhD

Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744307.gat156

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

How to Cite

Bossi, P. 2009. National and International Aspects on Bioterrorism and Biosecurity. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology. .

Author Information

  1. Antony Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Antony, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2009


Bioterrorism is defined as the intentional use or threatened use of micro-organisms or toxins derived from living organisms to cause death or diseases in humans, animals or plants on which we depend. More than 150 pathogens have been reported to be potential agents for bioterrorism. The last deliberate release of anthrax in the United States in October 2001 had a worldwide impact. The need for bioterrorism preparedness and planning for response at multiple levels has been recognized in many countries, which set up new administrative and operational structures in order to deal with the new kind of threat. On the wider international level, a concerted global-health security action to strengthen the public-health response to the threat of international biological, chemical and radionuclear terrorism has been initiated. Governments and international entities with responsibilities related to maintenance of peace, security, safety and health protection reviewed urgently their political, economic, diplomatic, military and legal means to face up to such attacks and embarked upon major efforts to increase their preparedness.


  • bioterrorism;
  • national and international plans;
  • smallpox;
  • anthrax