National and International Aspects on Bioterrorism and Biosecurity
Military and Homeland Security Toxicology Issues
Published Online: 15 DEC 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
General, Applied and Systems Toxicology
How to Cite
Bossi, P. 2009. National and International Aspects on Bioterrorism and Biosecurity. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology.
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2009
Bioterrorism is defined as the intentional use or threatened use of micro-organisms or toxins derived from living organisms to cause death or diseases in humans, animals or plants on which we depend. More than 150 pathogens have been reported to be potential agents for bioterrorism. The last deliberate release of anthrax in the United States in October 2001 had a worldwide impact. The need for bioterrorism preparedness and planning for response at multiple levels has been recognized in many countries, which set up new administrative and operational structures in order to deal with the new kind of threat. On the wider international level, a concerted global-health security action to strengthen the public-health response to the threat of international biological, chemical and radionuclear terrorism has been initiated. Governments and international entities with responsibilities related to maintenance of peace, security, safety and health protection reviewed urgently their political, economic, diplomatic, military and legal means to face up to such attacks and embarked upon major efforts to increase their preparedness.
- national and international plans;