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Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Systems Toxicity

Systems Toxicology

Nutrigenomics

  1. Constantinos Pistos,
  2. Stamatios Theocharis

Published Online: 15 SEP 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744307.gat206

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

How to Cite

Pistos, C. and Theocharis, S. 2011. Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Systems Toxicity. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology. .

Author Information

  1. Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2011

Abstract

The scientific knowledge regarding the modulation of the endogenous cannabinoid system and its effect on disease pathophysiology has been significantly improved in the last 20 years. Alterations in the expression of cannabinoid receptors, their main endogenous ligands (arachidonoylethanolamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol), and related enzyme levels have been reported in different disease states, suggesting their important regulatory role. The pharmacological effects of synthetic compounds that selectively target the endocannabinoid system, established cause-effect relationships between endocannabinoids and the progress of several disorders. In this review, the importance of endocannabinoid system modulation and also the aspects of the underlying pathways leading to disease or target organ toxicity are reported.

Keywords:

  • endocannabinoids;
  • anandamide;
  • 2-arachidoylglycerol;
  • system toxicity;
  • cannabinoid receptors;
  • immune system;
  • inflammation;
  • fibrosis;
  • I/R