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Integrative Analysis of Microarray Data: A Path for Systems Toxicology

Systems Toxicology

Genomic Technology

  1. Axel Rasche,
  2. Reha Yildirimman,
  3. Ralf Herwig

Published Online: 15 SEP 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744307.gat207

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

General, Applied and Systems Toxicology

How to Cite

Rasche, A., Yildirimman, R. and Herwig, R. 2011. Integrative Analysis of Microarray Data: A Path for Systems Toxicology. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology. .

Author Information

  1. Bioinformatics Group, Department of Vertebrate Genomics, Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2011

Abstract

Microarrays are the standard tool for a genome-wide analysis of gene expression. Multiple studies exist that, for example, track changes of systems with respect to compound treatment or compare the treated versus the untreated states. Besides these single studies, integrative approaches that analyze many such studies in parallel have gained increasing attention because they constitute a crucial step for the identification of general biological processes to relevant the system under analysis and would, thus, lead to the identification of more stable and robust marker genes. For gene expression analysis, the Affymetrix arrays are a well-established and widely used experimental system. In this chapter, we provide a basic understanding of this microarray technology and describe the design, pre-processing, and analysis of the data. Standardized and automatic pre-processing procedures are essential for the subsequent parallel analysis of many data sets. These procedures are greatly supported by storage and information systems collecting the essential information. As an example for an integrated analysis of a large number of toxicology data sets, we describe recent results on a meta-analysis combining different chip platforms, different species, and treatments with different genotoxic and non-genotoxic compounds. We show how general mechanisms, biological pathways, and endpoints of toxicity can be reconstructed by this approach.

Keywords:

  • Affymetrix GeneChip;
  • high-throughput data storage;
  • meta-analysis;
  • microarray