Commonality and Stochasticity in Systems Toxicology
Published Online: 15 SEP 2011
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
General, Applied and Systems Toxicology
How to Cite
Hirabayashi, Y. and Inoue, T. 2011. Commonality and Stochasticity in Systems Toxicology. General, Applied and Systems Toxicology. .
- Published Online: 15 SEP 2011
“Systems toxicology” is “systems biology” applied to general toxicology, which is to elucidate a universal concept of biological interactions between living organisms and xenobiotics by global assays of transcriptomics, proteomics and other various applied omics studies, during various biological steps in in vivo responses, in developmental, pubertal and senescent stages, and at the ontological or phylogenical level, in addition to in vitro cellular responses. The aim of the chapter is to focus on systems toxicology to incorporate a new biological concept that distinguishes commonality and stochasticity from those xenobiotic responses when one incorporates computational toxicological data from the gene chip microarray into systems toxicology. The multiplicity of biological reactions can be better understood when common gene expression profiles and stochastic gene expression profiles would be unsupervisedly analyzed computationally. Previous toxicological data have been analysed frequently with their average endpoints focused on the commonality. However, probabilistic stochasticity may be analysed as specific stochastic clusters that elucidate other aspects of biological diversity in future “systems toxicology”.
- aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated toxicity;
- benzene-induced haematotoxicity;
- epigenetic stochasticity;
- predictable toxicology;
- radiation-induced myeloid leukaemia;
- stochastic gene expression;