Chapter 10. Conjugated Polymer Actuators: Fundamentals

  1. Federico Carpi2 and
  2. Elisabeth Smela3
  1. Geoffrey M. Spinks,
  2. Gursel Alici,
  3. Scott McGovern,
  4. Binbin Xi and
  5. Gordon G. Wallace

Published Online: 20 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744697.ch10

Biomedical Applications of Electroactive Polymer Actuators

Biomedical Applications of Electroactive Polymer Actuators

How to Cite

Spinks, G. M., Alici, G., McGovern, S., Xi, B. and Wallace, G. G. (2009) Conjugated Polymer Actuators: Fundamentals, in Biomedical Applications of Electroactive Polymer Actuators (eds F. Carpi and E. Smela), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470744697.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Interdepartmental Research Centre “E. Piaggio”, School of Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

  2. 3

    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, USA

Author Information

  1. ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science and Intelligent Polymer Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 17 APR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470773055

Online ISBN: 9780470744697



  • conjugated polymers;
  • conjugated polymer actuators - fundamentals;
  • actuation performance in various ICPs;
  • effect of composition, geometry and electrolyte on actuation of PPy;
  • molecular mechanisms of actuation in ICPs;
  • ICP electrochemistry;
  • charge transfer processes;
  • mechanical system response;
  • device design and optimization;
  • swimming device design


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Molecular Mechanisms of Actuation in ICPs

  • Comparison of Actuation Performance in Various ICPs

  • Electrochemistry of ICPs

  • Effect of Composition, Geometry and Electrolyte on Actuation of PPy

  • Mechanical System Response

  • Device Design and Optimization

  • Future Prospects

  • References