Chapter 4. Azines

  1. Mark Wainwright

Published Online: 29 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744956.ch4

Photosensitisers in Biomedicine

Photosensitisers in Biomedicine

How to Cite

Wainwright, M. (2009) Azines, in Photosensitisers in Biomedicine, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470744956.ch4

Author Information

  1. School of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Liverpool John Moores University, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 31 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470510605

Online ISBN: 9780470744956

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Keywords:

  • synthetic classes of photosensitiser, azines - encountered as phthalocyanines;
  • photosensitisers-from-biological-stains paradigm;
  • clinically used antibacterial acridines;
  • acridine synthesis;
  • biological activities of simple aminoacridines, antisepsis/antibacterial action field;
  • photodynamic therapy acridines;
  • phenanthridine ring system - isomeric with acridines;
  • halogenated nile blue derivative photosensitisers;
  • reduction–oxidation activity;
  • isomerism in phenothiazinium synthesis

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Acridines

  • Acridine synthesis

  • Rationale

  • Acridines in photodynamic therapy

  • Phenanthridines

  • Phenaziniums

  • Phenoxaziniums

  • Phenothiazinium derivatives

  • Reduction–oxidation activity

  • Hydrophilicity–lipophilicity

  • Molecular planarity

  • Benzannelated derivatives

  • Synthetic approaches

  • References