Chapter 8. Cyanines

  1. Mark Wainwright

Published Online: 29 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470744956.ch8

Photosensitisers in Biomedicine

Photosensitisers in Biomedicine

How to Cite

Wainwright, M. (2009) Cyanines, in Photosensitisers in Biomedicine, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470744956.ch8

Author Information

  1. School of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Liverpool John Moores University, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 31 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470510605

Online ISBN: 9780470744956

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Keywords:

  • cyanine-type construction - linked methane units;
  • Group VI cyanine derivatives;
  • elementary cyanine/styryl formation;
  • cyanine formation from 4-quinoline units;
  • delocalisation in cyanine/styryl structures;
  • Merocyanine 540 (MC540) combining lipid solubility and anionic nature (due to sulphonic acid group);
  • indocyanine green - long-wavelength absorbing cyanine;
  • biomolecule-reactive indocyanine green analogues;
  • indocyanine green and new indocyanine green;
  • squaric and croconic acid derivatives

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Synthesis

  • Merocyanine 540

  • N,N'-Bis(2-ethyl-1,3-dioxolane)kryptocyanine

  • Indocyanine green

  • Structural improvement

  • Squaric and croconic acid derivatives

  • Functional cyanines

  • References