Chapter 4. Artificial Tracers

  1. Christian Leibundgut1,
  2. Piotr Maloszewski2 and
  3. Christoph Külls1

Published Online: 29 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470747148.ch4

Tracers in Hydrology

Tracers in Hydrology

How to Cite

Leibundgut, C., Maloszewski, P. and Külls, C. (2009) Artificial Tracers, in Tracers in Hydrology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470747148.ch4

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Hydrology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Groundwater Ecology, Neuherberg, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 SEP 2009
  2. Published Print: 16 OCT 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470518854

Online ISBN: 9780470747148



  • artificial tracers and hydrological system and subsystem investigation;
  • sound knowledge of tracer substance characteristics;
  • fluorescent tracers - important artificial tracers;
  • tracer solubility in water - crucial tracer requirement;
  • fluorescence intensity - quantum yield;
  • extinction coefficient and tracer concentration;
  • decay rate - correlated inversely to tracer concentration;
  • sorption behaviour property - relevant to artificial tracer use;
  • artificial tracer injection in hydrological system and water body contamination;
  • commonly used tracers;
  • drifting particles as tracers


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Fluorescent tracers

  • Salt tracers

  • Drifting particles as tracers

  • Radioactive tracers

  • Other tracers