Chapter 2. Criteria and Implementation of Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Nanomaterials for Human Health Effects and Ecological Toxicity Studies

  1. Saura C. Sahu3 and
  2. Daniel A. Casciano4
  1. Christie M. Sayes1 and
  2. David B. Warheit2

Published Online: 18 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470747803.ch2

Nanotoxicity

Nanotoxicity

How to Cite

Sayes, C. M. and Warheit, D. B. (2009) Criteria and Implementation of Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Nanomaterials for Human Health Effects and Ecological Toxicity Studies, in Nanotoxicity (eds S. C. Sahu and D. A. Casciano), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470747803.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Division of Toxicology, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, 8301 Muirkirk Road, Laurel, MD 20708, USA

  2. 4

    Department for Applied Science, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, AR, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Veterinary Physiology & Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX 77843-4466, USA

  2. 2

    DuPont Haskell Global Centers for Health and Environmental Sciences, Newark, Delaware, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 AUG 2009
  2. Published Print: 21 AUG 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470741375

Online ISBN: 9780470747803

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Keywords:

  • nanomaterial physical and chemical characteristics for human health effects;
  • nanomaterials - nanoparticles, nanofilms and nanocomposites;
  • physico-chemical information and toxicological and ecotoxicological responses;
  • surface area, mass and nano-sized particle toxic effects;
  • particle translocation microscopy techniques and imaging nano-bio interfaces;
  • surface chemistry and nanomaterial surface chemical composition and structure;
  • electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX);
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS);
  • inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES);
  • Electron spin resonance (ESR) and nanoparticle sample reactive species concentration

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Chemical Composition

  • Surface Chemistry

  • Size and Size Distribution

  • Morphology

  • Concentration and Purity

  • Surface Activity

  • Particle Translocation

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgements

  • References