Chapter 10. Advanced Technologies for Biomass Hydrolysis and Saccharification Using Novel Enzymes

  1. Alain A. Vertès5,
  2. Nasib Qureshi6,
  3. Hans P. Blaschek7 and
  4. Hideaki Yukawa8
  1. Margret E. Berg Miller1,
  2. Jennifer M. Brulc1,
  3. Edward A. Bayer2,
  4. Raphael Lamed3,
  5. Harry J. Flint4 and
  6. Bryan A. White1

Published Online: 12 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470750025.ch10

Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries

Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries

How to Cite

Berg Miller, M. E., Brulc, J. M., Bayer, E. A., Lamed, R., Flint, H. J. and White, B. A. (2010) Advanced Technologies for Biomass Hydrolysis and Saccharification Using Novel Enzymes, in Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries (eds A. A. Vertès, N. Qureshi, H. P. Blaschek and H. Yukawa), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470750025.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 5

    Sloan Fellowship, London Business School, UK

  2. 6

    Bioenergy Research, United States Department of Agriculture, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Peoria, IL, USA

  3. 7

    Center for Advanced BioEnergy Research, Department of Food Science & Human Nutrition and The Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA

  4. 8

    Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology Group, Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE), Kyoto, Japan

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Animal Sciences, Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Biological Chemistry, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel

  3. 3

    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel

  4. 4

    Microbial Ecology Group, Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 15 JAN 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470513125

Online ISBN: 9780470750025

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Keywords:

  • advanced technologies for biomass hydrolysis and saccharification using novel enzymes;
  • lignocellulosic biomass - high in cellulose and noncellulosic structural polysaccharides;
  • plant cell wall degradation by bacteria and fungi by multitude of enzymes;
  • crystalline form of cellulose - difficulty in degrading;
  • glycosyl hydrolases (GHs);
  • chemical structures of cellulose and noncellulosic structural polysaccharides in plant cell wall;
  • cellulosome concept;
  • new approaches for novel glycoside hydrolase identification;
  • carbohydrate-active enzyme systems (CAZymes) of rumen bacteria;
  • genomics and metagenomics - as-yet uncharacterized CAZyme diversity in ecosystem

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • The Substrate

  • Glycosyl Hydrolases

  • The Cellulosome Concept

  • New Approaches for the Identification of Novel Glycoside Hydrolases

  • Perspective

  • References