Chapter 14. Conversion of Biomass to Ethanol by Other Organisms

  1. Alain A. Vertès2,
  2. Nasib Qureshi3,
  3. Hans P. Blaschek4 and
  4. Hideaki Yukawa5
  1. Siqing Liu

Published Online: 12 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470750025.ch14

Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries

Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries

How to Cite

Liu, S. (2010) Conversion of Biomass to Ethanol by Other Organisms, in Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries (eds A. A. Vertès, N. Qureshi, H. P. Blaschek and H. Yukawa), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470750025.ch14

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Sloan Fellowship, London Business School, UK

  2. 3

    Bioenergy Research, United States Department of Agriculture, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Peoria, IL, USA

  3. 4

    Center for Advanced BioEnergy Research, Department of Food Science & Human Nutrition and The Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA

  4. 5

    Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology Group, Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE), Kyoto, Japan

Author Information

  1. Bioproducts and Biocatalysis Unit, United States Department of Agriculture, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Peoria, IL, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 15 JAN 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470513125

Online ISBN: 9780470750025

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Keywords:

  • biomass to ethanol conversion by other organisms;
  • sugarcane-based bioethanol - major automobile fuel in Brazil;
  • lignocellulosic biomass materials, alternative renewable feedstocks;
  • desired biocatalysts for biomass to bioethanol conversion;
  • Gram-negative, nonsporulating, facultative anaerobic bacterium;
  • mixed sugar fermentation in engineered E. coli KO11;
  • Gram-positive bacteria - traits for bioethanol production;
  • lactic acid bacteria (LAB) - lacking cytochromes, as obligate fermentative organisms;
  • thermophilic microbes in performing simultaneous hydrolysis and fermentation steps

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Desired Biocatalysts for Biomass to Bioethanol

  • Gram-Negative Bacteria

  • Gram-Positive Bacteria

  • Perspective

  • Acknowledgments

  • References