Chapter 22. Enhancing Primary Raw Materials for Biofuels

  1. Alain A. Vertès6,
  2. Nasib Qureshi7,
  3. Hans P. Blaschek8 and
  4. Hideaki Yukawa9
  1. Takahisa Hayashi1,
  2. Rumi Kaida1,
  3. Nobutaka Mitsuda2,
  4. Masaru Ohme-Takagi2,
  5. Nobuyuki Nishikubo3,
  6. Shin-ichiro Kidou4 and
  7. Kouki Yoshida5

Published Online: 12 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470750025.ch22

Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries

Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries

How to Cite

Hayashi, T., Kaida, R., Mitsuda, N., Ohme-Takagi, M., Nishikubo, N., Kidou, S.-i. and Yoshida, K. (2010) Enhancing Primary Raw Materials for Biofuels, in Biomass to Biofuels: Strategies for Global Industries (eds A. A. Vertès, N. Qureshi, H. P. Blaschek and H. Yukawa), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470750025.ch22

Editor Information

  1. 6

    Sloan Fellowship, London Business School, UK

  2. 7

    Bioenergy Research, United States Department of Agriculture, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Peoria, IL, USA

  3. 8

    Center for Advanced BioEnergy Research, Department of Food Science & Human Nutrition and The Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA

  4. 9

    Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology Group, Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE), Kyoto, Japan

Author Information

  1. 1

    Kyoto University, RISH, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto, Japan

  2. 2

    Gene Regulation Research Group, Research Institute of Genomebased Biofactory, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan

  3. 3

    RIKEN Plant Science Center, Yokohama, Japan

  4. 4

    Graduate School of Natural Science, Nagoya City University, Yamanohata, Mizuho, Nagoya, Japan

  5. 5

    Technology Center, Taisei Corporation, Totsuka-ku, Yokohama, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 15 JAN 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470513125

Online ISBN: 9780470750025



  • enhancing primary raw materials for biofuels;
  • ethanol from crop plants - major supplement to fossil fuels for transportation;
  • cellulose, abundant biopolymer on earth;
  • microfibril, consisting repeated crystalline and noncrystalline regions;
  • xyloglucanase (XEG) - target for plant engineering;
  • in-planta modifications - linking biomass bioprocessing with improved agricultural practices;
  • in-CRES-T modification;
  • catalogue of gene families for glycan synthases and hydrolases;
  • Type I polysaccharide synthase family;
  • substrate specificity in plant GH families


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • In-Fibril Modification

  • In-Wall Modifications

  • In-Planta Modifications

  • In-CRES-T Modification

  • A Catalogue of Gene Families for Glycan Synthases and Hydrolases

  • Perspective

  • Acknowledgments

  • References