Chapter 12. Complications of Central Venous Access

  1. Helen Hamilton CBE, FRCN, RGN Independent nurse consultant2 and
  2. Andrew R. Bodenham FRCA Consultant in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine3
  1. Andrew R. Bodenham FRCA Consultant in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine3 and
  2. Liz Simcock BA, RCN Clinical Nurse Specialist for Central Venous Access1

Published Online: 7 MAY 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470750186.ch12

Central Venous Catheters

Central Venous Catheters

How to Cite

Bodenham, A. R. and Simcock, L. (2009) Complications of Central Venous Access, in Central Venous Catheters (eds H. Hamilton and A. R. Bodenham), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470750186.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Intravenous therapy, Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals Trust, Oxfordshire, Oxford, UK

  2. 3

    Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    UCL Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Haematology/Oncology Daycare, London, UK

  2. 3

    Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 MAY 2009
  2. Published Print: 11 FEB 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470019948

Online ISBN: 9780470750186

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Keywords:

  • central venous access – complications;
  • pneumothorax;
  • transient ischaemic attack (TIA);
  • major air embolus;
  • pleural effusions;
  • arterial puncture;
  • great vein perforation;
  • insertion-related arrhythmias;
  • catheter-related sepsis

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Pneumothorax

  • Air embolism

  • Pleural effusions

  • Arterial puncture/catheterisation

  • Great vein perforation

  • Damage to other neighbouring structures

  • Cardiac arrhythmias

  • Catheter-related sepsis

  • Catheter-related vein thrombosis

  • Mechanical phlebitis

  • Incorrect catheter tip position

  • Embolised, fractured or irretrievable guidewires and catheters

  • Extravasation injury

  • Conclusion

  • References