Chapter 2. Basic Statistical Methods

  1. Øyvind Hammer and
  2. David A.T. Harper

Published Online: 30 NOV 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470750711.ch2

Paleontological Data Analysis

Paleontological Data Analysis

How to Cite

Hammer, Ø. and Harper, D. A.T. (eds) (2005) Basic Statistical Methods, in Paleontological Data Analysis, Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470750711.ch2

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 NOV 2007
  2. Published Print: 1 NOV 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405115445

Online ISBN: 9780470750711



  • statistical distributions;
  • shapiro-wilk test;
  • kolmogorov-smirnov test;
  • kruskal-wallis test;
  • linear regression


This chapter contains section titled:

  • Introduction

  • Statistical distributions

  • Shapiro-Wilk test for normal distribution

  • F test for equality of variances

  • Student's t test and Welch test for equality of means

  • Mann-Whitney U test for equality of medians

  • Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for equality of distribution

  • Bootstrapping and permutation

  • One-way ANOVA

  • Kruskal -Wallis test

  • Linear correlation

  • Non-parametric tests for correlation

  • Linear regression

  • Reduced major axis regression

  • Chi-square test