Chapter 3. Consciousness in Infants

  1. Max Velmans and
  2. Susan Schneider
  1. Colwyn Trevarthen and
  2. Vasudevi Reddy

Published Online: 13 DEC 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470751466.ch4

The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness

The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness

How to Cite

Trevarthen, C. and Reddy, V. (2007) Consciousness in Infants, in The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness (eds M. Velmans and S. Schneider), Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470751466.ch4

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 DEC 2007
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2007

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405120197

Online ISBN: 9780470751466



  • infants;
  • human company;
  • consciousness;
  • emotional;
  • innate rhythms


This chapter contains section titled:

  • Primary Human Consciousness: Its Natural Origins and Growth in Human Company

  • How Can Infant Consciousness Be Proved?

  • Infant Consciousness Is Active, Emotional, and Communicative

  • Innate Rhythms of the Infant Mind, and Th eir Importance in Communication and the Development of Consciousness

  • Newborn Consciousness (Figure 3.1)

  • The “Musicality” of Protoconversation at 2 Months

  • From 6 Weeks to 6 Months: Tightening up Movements and Sharpening Awareness; Exploring and Using Th ings

  • Sharing Routines and Rituals: Performing “Musically,” and Showing Off a Personality (Figure 3.2)

  • From 9 to 18 Months: Making Sense of a Human- Made World (Figures 3.4 and 3.5)

  • Consciousness Before Birth?

  • Summarizing Our Case

  • Coda: If Consciousness Is a Naturally Developing Function of Animal Life, Why Th en Do Philosophers and Psychologists Have Problems with It?