Chapter 3. Second Language Acquisition and Ultimate Attainment

  1. Alan Davies and
  2. Catherine Elder
  1. David Birdsong

Published Online: 21 JAN 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470757000.ch3

The Handbook of Applied Linguistics

The Handbook of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Birdsong, D. (2004) Second Language Acquisition and Ultimate Attainment, in The Handbook of Applied Linguistics (eds A. Davies and C. Elder), Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470757000.ch3

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 JAN 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780631228998

Online ISBN: 9780470757000

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Keywords:

  • attainment;
  • perspectives;
  • outcomes;
  • grammar;
  • data

Summary

The prelims comprise:

  • Introduction

  • Why Study Ultimate Attainment?

  • Non-Native-Like Outcomes in L2A

  • Closer Look at the Concept

  • A Note on Fossilization

  • Ultimate Attainment and the Critical Period Hypothesis: The Age Function

  • The Incidence of Native-Like Attainment

  • Initial State, End State, and Universal Grammar

  • Dissociations and Asymmetries

  • Ultimate Attainment and Cortical Function

  • Conclusion