Chapter 7. Conventional Geological Analysis

  1. Alastair Ruffell and
  2. Jennifer McKinley

Published Online: 14 JUL 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470758854.ch7



How to Cite

Ruffell, A. and McKinley, J. (2008) Conventional Geological Analysis, in Geoforensics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470758854.ch7

Author Information

  1. Queen's University, Belfast, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 JUL 2008
  2. Published Print: 18 JUL 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470057346

Online ISBN: 9780470758854



  • conventional geological analysis and multi-proxy approach;
  • understanding ore-bodies' rock textures;
  • field-based sediment/soil distribution analysis;
  • X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and neutron activation analysis;
  • control block cut surface using standard search methods


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Elementary analysis of rocks

  • Hand-specimen analysis – case studies from Murray and Tedrow (1991)

  • Sediment analysis

  • Fossils and microfossils

  • A paradigm shift in geoforensics?