Chapter 7. Vitamin A: Retinoids and Carotenoids

  1. G.F.M. Ball

Published Online: 25 FEB 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470774571.ch7

Vitamins: Their Role in the Human Body

Vitamins: Their Role in the Human Body

How to Cite

Ball, G.F.M. (2004) Vitamin A: Retinoids and Carotenoids, in Vitamins: Their Role in the Human Body, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470774571.ch7

Author Information

  1. Consultant, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 FEB 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 NOV 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780632064786

Online ISBN: 9780470774571



  • retinoids;
  • provitamin a carotenoids;
  • fat deficiency;
  • nuclear retinoid receptors;
  • biological antioxidants


This chapter contains section titled:

  • Historical Overview

  • Chemistry and Biological Functions

  • Dietary Sources

  • Absorption, Transport and Metabolism

  • Nutritional Factors that Influence Vitamin A Status

  • The Role of Vitamin A in Vision

  • Retinoids as Regulators of Gene Expression

  • Effects of Vitamin A on the Immune System

  • Role of vitamin A in Bone Metabolism and Embryonic Development

  • Vitamin A and Cancer

  • Vitamin A Deficiency and Toxicity

  • Further Reading

  • References