Chapter 4. Monitoring Diabetes Mellitus

  1. Trisha Dunning RN, MEd, PhD, CDE, FRCNA

Published Online: 11 FEB 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470774649.ch4

Care of People with Diabetes: A Manual of Nursing Practice

Care of People with Diabetes: A Manual of Nursing Practice

How to Cite

Dunning, T. (2003) Monitoring Diabetes Mellitus, in Care of People with Diabetes: A Manual of Nursing Practice, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470774649.ch4

Author Information

  1. Professor Director Endocrinology and Diabetes Nursing Research and Clinical Nurse Consultant, Diabetes Education, St Vincent's Hospital and University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 FEB 2008
  2. Published Print: 27 FEB 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405101110

Online ISBN: 9780470774649



  • diabetes mellitus;
  • blood glucose;
  • unrine test;
  • alcohol;
  • monitoring technique


This chapter contains section titled:

  • Rationale

  • Introduction

  • Key points

  • The role of blood glucose monitoring in the care of diabetes

  • Guidelines for the frequency of blood glucose monitoring

  • Blood glucose meters

  • Reasons for inaccurate blood glucose results

  • Non-invasive/minimally invasive blood glucose testing

  • Monitoring blood ketones

  • Key points

  • Introduction

  • Limitations of urine glucose testing

  • Indications for urine glucose tests

  • Monitoring ketones

  • Urine tests of kidney function

  • Micral-test

  • Nursing responsibilities

  • Blood glucose

  • Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbAlc)

  • Fructosamines

  • Serum lipids

  • C-peptide

  • Islet cell antibodies

  • Creatinine clearance and urea

  • Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)