Chapter 5. Electronic Structure Study of Nanostructured Transition Metal Oxides Using Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy

  1. Lionel Vayssieres
  1. Jinghua Guo1,
  2. Per-anders Glans1,
  3. Yi-sheng Liu2 and
  4. Chinglin Chang2

Published Online: 2 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470823996.ch5

On Solar Hydrogen & Nanotechnology

On Solar Hydrogen & Nanotechnology

How to Cite

Guo, J., Glans, P.-a., Liu, Y.-s. and Chang, C. (2010) Electronic Structure Study of Nanostructured Transition Metal Oxides Using Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy, in On Solar Hydrogen & Nanotechnology (ed L. Vayssieres), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470823996.ch5

Editor Information

  1. National Institute for Materials Science, Japan

Author Information

  1. 1

    Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui, Taiwan, 250, R.O.C.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 2 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 4 JAN 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470823972

Online ISBN: 9780470823996



  • XAS;
  • XES;
  • RIXS;
  • electronic structure;
  • bandgap;
  • dd-excitation;
  • synchrotron radiation;
  • in-situ study;
  • TiO2;
  • Li doped TiO2;
  • hydrogen storage;
  • SWNT


In this chapter, we introduce the basics of soft x-ray absorption (XAS) and emission spectroscopy (XES), and resonant inelastic soft x-ray scattering (RIXS) followed by description of instrumentation including beamline, ensdtation, and spectrometer. Chemical cells are designed for in-situ electronic structure study of samples in gas or liquid environment. The application of XAS, XES, and RIXS on TiO2 crystals of rutile and anatase phases have yielded characteristic fingerprints that provide the information on geometric structure, bandgap, doping effects. A number of in-situ electronic structure studies are also addressed.