Chapter 7. Non-Invasive Techniques used to Measure Osteoporosis

  1. Jitendra Behari

Published Online: 10 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470824023.ch7

Biophysical Bone Behavior: Principles and Applications

Biophysical Bone Behavior: Principles and Applications

How to Cite

Behari, J. (2009) Non-Invasive Techniques used to Measure Osteoporosis, in Biophysical Bone Behavior: Principles and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470824023.ch7

Author Information

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 10 SEP 2009
  2. Published Print: 10 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470824009

Online ISBN: 9780470824023

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • non-invasive techniques in measuring osteoporosis;
  • bone mineralization, collagen content and orientation changes;
  • bone densitometric methods and bone mineral density (BMD) measurement;
  • X-Ray tomography in medical radiography;
  • direct photon absorption method;
  • dual-photon absorptiometry (DPA) using radioisotope sources, Gd;
  • Computed tomography (CT) - CAT scan and Skeleton Roentgenology;
  • quantitative computed tomography (QCT);
  • total body neutron activation analysis and human body composition;
  • infrasound method in bone mass measurements

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Measurement of the Mineral Content

  • Bone Densitometric Methods

  • X-ray Tomography

  • Skeleton Roentgenology

  • Metacarpal Index

  • Analysis of Radiographic Methods

  • Direct Photon Absorption Method

  • Limitations of the Method

  • Dual-Photon Absorptiometry (DPA)

  • Computed Tomography (CT)

  • Modification of CT Methods

  • Methods Based on Compton Scattering

  • Coherent and Compton Scattering

  • Dual Energy Technique

  • Neutron Activation Analysis

  • Infrasound Method for Bone Mass Measurements

  • Other Techniques

  • Relative Advantages and Disadvantages of the Various Techniques