11. Economic Evaluations

  1. Stephen J. Walters

Published Online: 10 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470840481.ch11

Quality of Life Outcomes in Clinical Trials and Health-Care Evaluation: A Practical Guide to Analysis and Interpretation

Quality of Life Outcomes in Clinical Trials and Health-Care Evaluation: A Practical Guide to Analysis and Interpretation

How to Cite

Walters, S. J. (2009) Economic Evaluations, in Quality of Life Outcomes in Clinical Trials and Health-Care Evaluation: A Practical Guide to Analysis and Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470840481.ch11

Author Information

  1. School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 10 SEP 2009
  2. Published Print: 25 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470753828

Online ISBN: 9780470686140

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • health economic evaluation techniques;
  • utility- or preference-based QoL measures and quality-adjusted life years;
  • United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE);
  • economic evaluation - assessing costs and benefits of alternative health-care interventions;
  • quality-adjusted life year (QALY);
  • health state utility or preference value - numbers between 0.0 (death) and 1.0 (full health or with no adverse symptoms);
  • economic evaluations alongside pragmatic randomized controlled trials (EEACTs);
  • cost–effectiveness analysis (CEA) and CEA acceptability curves;
  • cost–utility analysis and cost–utility ratios;
  • cost–effectiveness acceptability curve for acupuncture trial data

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Summary

  • Introduction

  • Economic evaluations

  • Utilities and QALYs

  • Economic evaluations alongside a controlled trial

  • Cost-effectiveness analysis

  • Cost–effectiveness ratios

  • Cost–utility analysis and cost–utility ratios

  • Incremental cost per QALY

  • The problem of negative (and positive) incremental cost–effectiveness ratios

  • Cost-effectiveness acceptability curves

  • Further reading