Herb–Drug and Food–Drug Interactions
Part X. Clinical Aspects of Drug Metabolism and Interactions
Published Online: 31 JAN 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Drug Metabolism and Interactions
How to Cite
Lennard, M. S. 2012. Herb–Drug and Food–Drug Interactions. Encyclopedia of Drug Metabolism and Interactions. X:1–27.
- Published Online: 31 JAN 2012
Medication with plants and herbs has been practiced for thousands of years, and a substantial proportion of the world's population is thought to use herbal medicines. Herbal medicines are likely to be taken with prescribed drugs, leading to the risk of herb–drug interactions. Herbal consumption can not only diminish the therapeutic effect of drugs but also give rise to adverse reactions and toxicity. These clinical effects are caused by changes in (i) pharmacokinetics, particularly through inhibition or induction of the cytochrome P450 drug-metabolizing enzymes, and (ii) drug receptor sensitivity. There are many instances where food itself and its constituents have been shown to influence the pharmacokinetics of and response to drugs, sometimes causing substantially diminished therapeutic effects or adverse reactions. Much of the published evidence on herb–drug and food–drug interactions is based on case reports or on pharmacokinetic data alone, and these require substantiation by studies measuring the clinical effects of drugs.
- drug interactions;
- herb–drug interactions;
- food–drug interactions;
- St. John's wort;
- grapefruit juice