3. Methods for Characterizing the Effects of Surface Roughness Obstacles on Flow

  1. Steven R. Hanna1 and
  2. Rex E. Britter2

Published Online: 25 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470935613.ch3

Wind Flow and Vapor Cloud Dispersion at Industrial and Urban Sites

Wind Flow and Vapor Cloud Dispersion at Industrial and Urban Sites

How to Cite

Hanna, S. R. and Britter, R. E. (2002) Methods for Characterizing the Effects of Surface Roughness Obstacles on Flow, in Wind Flow and Vapor Cloud Dispersion at Industrial and Urban Sites, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470935613.ch3

Author Information

  1. 1

    Hanna Consultants

  2. 2

    University of Cambridge

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 4 JAN 2002

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780816908639

Online ISBN: 9780470935613

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Keywords:

  • flow characteristics;
  • dispersion models;
  • surface roughness obstacles;
  • wind velocity fields;
  • turbulence field

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Required Flow Characteristics for Input to Transport and Dispersion Models

  • Consideration of Flow Above and Below the Tops of the Obstacles

  • Flow above the Surface Roughness Obstacles

  • Flow Through an Obstacle Array

  • Summary of Recommended Methods for Estimating zO, d, and Flow Characteristics Such as Wind Profiles, Friction Velocity (u*), and Turbulence Velocities in Urban and Industrial Areas