8. Voltage Variations

  1. Abdelhay A. Sallam and
  2. Om P. Malik

Published Online: 8 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470943854.ch8

Electric Distribution Systems

Electric Distribution Systems

How to Cite

Sallam, A. A. and Malik, O. P. (2011) Voltage Variations, in Electric Distribution Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470943854.ch8

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470276822

Online ISBN: 9780470943854



  • voltage variations - voltage drop and voltage sag;
  • voltage control procedures - adding new lines;
  • main steps, in determining - feeder nodes using voltage regulator


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Voltage Quality

  • Methods of Voltage Drop Reduction

  • Voltage Sag Calculations

  • Estimation of Distribution Losses