10. Whole Grains and Digestive Health

  1. Teri M. Paeschke3 and
  2. William R. Aimutis4
  1. Isabel Bondia-Pons1,
  2. Jenni Lappi1,
  3. Emilia Selinheimo2,
  4. Marjukka Kolehmainen1,
  5. Hannu Mykkänen1 and
  6. Kaisa Poutanen2

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470958186.ch10

Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health

Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health

How to Cite

Bondia-Pons, I., Lappi, J., Selinheimo, E., Kolehmainen, M., Mykkänen, H. and Poutanen, K. (2010) Whole Grains and Digestive Health, in Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health (eds T. M. Paeschke and W. R. Aimutis), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470958186.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Des Plaines, IL, USA

  2. 4

    Cargill, Inc., Wayzata, MN, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland

  2. 2

    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 12 NOV 2010

Book Series:

  1. IFT Press

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813817620

Online ISBN: 9780470958186

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Keywords:

  • whole grains and digestive health;
  • processing, tissue integrity - and chemical composition of whole grain foods;
  • whole grain cereal food intake - reducing risk of type 2 diabetes;
  • metabolic links between consumption of cereal foods and disease risk - being unclear;
  • whole grains, rich in different types of DF and associated compounds - and large intestinal fermentation;
  • whole grain carbohydrates, role in treatment - of gastrointestinal tract diseases, coeliac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS);
  • DF constituents in whole grain;
  • cellulose, essential structural component - of cereal cell walls;
  • colonic fermentation - of whole grain carbohydrates;
  • copassengers of whole grain carbohydrates

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Whole Grain: Definition, Structure and Health Benefits

  • Structure

  • Health Effects

  • Gastrointestinal Effects

  • DF Constituents in Whole Grain

  • Arabinoxylans

  • β-Glucans

  • Cellulose

  • Fructans

  • Colonic Fermentation of Whole Grain Carbohydrates

  • Production of Short-Chain Fatty Acids

  • Fermentation Rate of Cereal Carbohydrates

  • Fermentability of AX

  • Fermentability of β-Glucans

  • Fermentability of Fructans

  • Bowel Function in Human Interventions on Whole Grain Carbohydrates

  • Influence ofWhole Grain Carbohydrates on the Gut Microbiota

  • Evidence from In Vitro Studies

  • Evidence from Human Studies

  • Copassengers of Whole Grain Carbohydrates

  • Bioavailability of the Copassengers in the Whole Grain DF Complex

  • Conclusions and Future Prospects

  • References