2. The Gastrointestinal Tract and Its Microflora

  1. Teri M. Paeschke1 and
  2. William R. Aimutis2
  1. William R. Aimutis and
  2. Kayla Polzin

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470958186.ch2

Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health

Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health

How to Cite

Aimutis, W. R. and Polzin, K. (2010) The Gastrointestinal Tract and Its Microflora, in Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health (eds T. M. Paeschke and W. R. Aimutis), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470958186.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Des Plaines, IL, USA

  2. 2

    Cargill, Inc., Wayzata, MN, USA

Author Information

  1. Cargill, Inc., Wayzata, MN, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 12 NOV 2010

Book Series:

  1. IFT Press

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813817620

Online ISBN: 9780470958186

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Keywords:

  • gastrointestinal tract and its microflora;
  • nondigestible carbohydrate and fiber impact - on human physiology, understanding anatomy and physiology of gastrointestinal tract (GIT);
  • microbiome studying methods - evolving in recent years;
  • fetal GIT, sterile until infant leaves - womb during natural childbirth;
  • intestinal microbiota, divisions of bacteria - bacteroidetes and firmicutes;
  • animal models and antibiotics - targeting specific microbial populations and microflora functionality;
  • intestinal environment, harsh against invading microorganisms - and colonization;
  • gastrointestinal-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) - seeking and destroying unwanted microbes;
  • indigenous microflora - of human intestinal tract;
  • gastrointestinal infections - commonly accompanied by diarrhea

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • The Intestinal Microbiota

  • Colonization

  • Introduction

  • The Intestinal Microbiota

  • Colonization

  • The Indigenous Microflora of the Human Intestinal Tract

  • Carbohydrate Metabolism by the Gut Microbiota

  • Obesity and the Microbiota

  • Molecular Methods to Study the Gut Microbiota

  • Common Intestinal Diseases Impacted by Fiber, Prebiotics, and Probiotics

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • Constipation

  • Gastrointestinal Infections

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease

  • Conclusion

  • References