6. Impact of Fiber on Gastrointestinal Microbiota

  1. Teri M. Paeschke2 and
  2. William R. Aimutis3
  1. Koen Venema

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470958186.ch6

Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health

Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health

How to Cite

Venema, K. (2010) Impact of Fiber on Gastrointestinal Microbiota, in Nondigestible Carbohydrates and Digestive Health (eds T. M. Paeschke and W. R. Aimutis), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470958186.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Des Plaines, IL, USA

  2. 3

    Cargill, Inc., Wayzata, MN, USA

Author Information

  1. Department of BioSciences, TNO Quality of Life, AJ Zeist, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 12 NOV 2010

Book Series:

  1. IFT Press

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813817620

Online ISBN: 9780470958186

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Keywords:

  • fiber impact on gastrointestinal microbiota;
  • human GI tract, primary site of food intake, food conversion and food uptake;
  • large intestine, or “forgotten organ” - cells of microorganisms in colon;
  • anaerobic bacterial metabolic pathways - and carbohydrate metabolism;
  • bacterial metabolic processes in colon - important issues for man;
  • truly integrative research approach - analysis and correlation of intestinal microbial metabolism;
  • stable isotopes - a key factor to success;
  • stable isotope-labeling techniques - powerful tools, quantitative and qualitative information about metabolic processes;
  • stable isotope probing - clues to metabolic functioning from genomics data;
  • intestinal microbiota - and link with obesity

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Methods to Study Bacterial Physiology: Many Fields

  • of Science Come Together

  • Microbial Functionality: Focus on Colonic Fermentations

  • Ways to Study the (Shift in) Composition of the Microbiota

  • Energy Balance

  • Butyrate is Important

  • Metabolic Routes for Propionate Production and Pathway Reconstruction

  • Future Perspectives

  • References