2. Biochemistry of Vegetables: Major Classes of Primary (Carbohydrates, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Vitamins, and Organic Acids) and Secondary Metabolites (Terpenoids, Phenolics, Alkaloids, and Sulfur-Containing Compounds) in Vegetables

  1. Nirmal K. Sinha Ph.D.
  1. N. Hounsome and
  2. B. Hounsome

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470958346.ch2

Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing

Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing

How to Cite

Hounsome, N. and Hounsome, B. (2010) Biochemistry of Vegetables: Major Classes of Primary (Carbohydrates, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Vitamins, and Organic Acids) and Secondary Metabolites (Terpenoids, Phenolics, Alkaloids, and Sulfur-Containing Compounds) in Vegetables, in Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing (ed N. K. Sinha), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470958346.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Graceland Fruit Inc, 1123 Main Street, Frankfort, MI 49635, USA

Author Information

  1. College of Health and Behavioural Sciences, Institute of Medical and Social Care Research, Bangor University, Bangor, LL57 1UT, Wales, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 19 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813815411

Online ISBN: 9780470958346

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Keywords:

  • vegetable biochemistry - classes of primary and secondary metabolites in vegetables;
  • major plant constituents - divided as primary and secondary metabolites;
  • primary metabolites, found across all species - within broad phylogenetic groups;
  • primary metabolic pathways in plants;
  • carbohydrates, class of organic compounds - from Calvin cycle, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;
  • plants, amino acids - produced via glycolysis pathway;
  • chemical structure - of selected primary metabolites;
  • organic acids, group of organic compounds containing carboxylic groups;
  • antioxidants, delaying the start - or slowing rate of free radical formation;
  • plant metabolites, with reported antioxidant properties

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Primary Metabolites

  • Secondary Metabolites

  • Antioxidants

  • Conclusions

  • References