63. Juniper Berry

  1. Mathew Attokaran

Published Online: 7 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470959152.ch63

Natural Food Flavors and Colorants

Natural Food Flavors and Colorants

How to Cite

Attokaran, M. (2011) Juniper Berry, in Natural Food Flavors and Colorants, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470959152.ch63

Author Information

  1. Plant Lipids Limited, Cochin, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813821108

Online ISBN: 9780470959152



  • juniper berry, not a true berry - in the botanical sense;
  • juniper berries, discovered in Egyptian tombs - including that of Tutankhamen;
  • ancient Greeks, belief - of improved performance in Olympic events;
  • conditions, extraction of terpene constituents - using supercritical carbon dioxide;
  • FCC, oil a faintly green or yellow liquid - characteristic odor and aromatic, bitter taste of juniper;
  • juniper berry oil - for flavoring gin, liqueurs, cordials and liquors;
  • aqueous alcoholic extract of berry - in demand as a flavoring material;
  • column chromatography of steam distillate of Egyptian berries (Juniperus drupacea L) - α-pinene, thymol, methyl ether and camphor as major components;
  • Juniperus communis - used as a seasoning in European cookery


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Plant Material

  • Essential Oil

  • Oleoresin

  • Uses

  • Identification Numbers

  • References