5. Concentrated Fluid Milk Ingredients

  1. Ramesh C. Chandan PhD3 and
  2. Arun Kilara PhD4
  1. Nana Y. Farkye PhD1 and
  2. Shakeel ur-Rehman PhD2

Published Online: 26 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470959169.ch5

Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing

Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing

How to Cite

Farkye, N. Y. and ur-Rehman, S. (2011) Concentrated Fluid Milk Ingredients, in Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing (eds R. C. Chandan and A. Kilara), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470959169.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 3

    1364 126th Avenue NW, Minneapolis, MN 55448 - 4004, USA

  2. 4

    Nutri+Food Business Consulting, 117 Westside Drive, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516-4431, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Dairy Products Technology Center, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407-0251, USA

  2. 2

    3162 E. Deerhill Dr, Meridian, ID 83642, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 JAN 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813817460

Online ISBN: 9780470959169



  • concentrated fluid milk ingredients;
  • concentrated milk, offering economy, reduced transportation costs - convenience, added utility, and functionality to producers, processors and consumers;
  • homogenization application - in production of evaporated milk, stabilizing emulsion and reducing fat separation;
  • unsweetened and sweetened condensed milk - from fresh milk or recombined milk;
  • CODEX standards - for different evaporated milks;
  • condensed milk, from milk and milk powders - cream and cream powders, and milk fat products;
  • technologies, for manufacture of condensed and evaporated milks;
  • CODEX standards - for different sweetened condensed milks;
  • second standardization and stabilization - total solids content in product, readjusted to meet standards of finished product;
  • application of membranes to concentrate milk - in dairy industry


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Composition of Liquid or Fluid Milk and Market Milk

  • Changes Caused by Concentrating Milk

  • Historical Perspective for Evaporated and Condensed Milks

  • Types of Evaporated and Sweetened Condensed Milks

  • Technologies for Manufacture of Condensed and Evaporated Milks

  • Vapor Recompression Evaporators

  • Process for Manufacture of Evaporated Milk

  • Spoilage of Evaporated Milk

  • Manufacture of Sweetened Condensed Milk

  • Dulce de Leche

  • Defects in Sweetened Condensed Milk

  • Recombined Evaporated and Sweetened Condensed Milk

  • Quality Assessment

  • Membrane Concentration Technologies

  • Other Uses of Concentrated Dairy Products

  • References