4. Softwood Structure

  1. Rubin Shmulsky and
  2. P. David Jones

Published Online: 13 MAY 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470960035.ch4

Forest Products and Wood Science An Introduction, Sixth Edition

Forest Products and Wood Science An Introduction, Sixth Edition

How to Cite

Shmulsky, R. and Jones, P. D. (2011) Softwood Structure, in Forest Products and Wood Science An Introduction, Sixth Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470960035.ch4

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 MAY 2011
  2. Published Print: 10 JUN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813820743

Online ISBN: 9780470960035

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Keywords:

  • softwood structure;
  • softwoods, mainstay of wood products industry - in North America;
  • longitudinal tracheids, softwood volume, 90–95 percent - and longitudinal tracheids;
  • typical softwood bordered pit membrane-related problems;
  • earlywood to latewood transition in softwoods;
  • aspiration, in zones - characterized by air/water-filled lumens on sides of pit pairs;
  • longitudinal parenchyma - mature parenchyma, short cells butted end-to-end in series;
  • cells composing softwood rays - ray parenchyma or ray tracheids;
  • cross-field pitting, intersections - longitudinal tracheids and ray parenchyma

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Longitudinal Tracheids

  • Other Longitudinal Cells

  • Rays

  • Wood Identification

  • Summary

  • References and Supplemental Reading