13. Histosols: Organic Soils

  1. S. W. Buol B.S., M.S., Ph.D.1,
  2. R. J. Southard B.S, M.S., Ph.D.2,
  3. R. C. Graham3 and
  4. P. A. McDaniel B.S., M.S., Ph.D.4

Published Online: 5 AUG 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470960622.ch13

Soil Genesis and Classification, Sixth Edition

Soil Genesis and Classification, Sixth Edition

How to Cite

Buol, S. W., Southard, R. J., Graham, R. C. and McDaniel, P. A. (2011) Histosols: Organic Soils, in Soil Genesis and Classification, Sixth Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470960622.ch13

Author Information

  1. 1

    North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA

  2. 2

    University of California, Davis, USA

  3. 3

    University of California, Riverside, USA

  4. 4

    University of Idaho, Moscow, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 AUG 2011
  2. Published Print: 2 SEP 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813807690

Online ISBN: 9780470960622



  • Histosols - organic soils;
  • Histosols (Greek, histos, tissue, and the Latin, solum, soil) - of organic soil materials;
  • alpine Cryohemist in Switzerland, formed from sedges - gray strata of mineral soil material;
  • hydrology, factor - in formation and maintenance of Histosols;
  • bodies of eutrophic Histosols (fens) - chemically influenced by input of nutrients (Verry 1981);
  • geological processes of organic matter accumulation - extension of “blanket peats”;
  • slow hydraulic conductivity of Histosols - positive feedback role, in paludization process;
  • pedogenic biogeochemical processes - organic matter decomposition, and interrelated factors;
  • hydrologic characteristics of Histosols - closely related to degree of decomposition;
  • classification of Histosols - three important elements, in defining the order


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Setting

  • Geological Processes of Organic Matter Accumulation

  • Pedogenic Biogeochemical Processes

  • Uses of Histosols

  • Describing Histosols

  • Classification of Histosols

  • Perspective