2. Crop Root Systems and Nutrient Uptake from Soils

  1. Malcolm J. Hawkesford and
  2. Peter Barraclough
  1. Peter J. Gregory1,2

Published Online: 13 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470960707.ch2

The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops

The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops

How to Cite

Gregory, P. J. (2011) Crop Root Systems and Nutrient Uptake from Soils, in The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops (eds M. J. Hawkesford and P. Barraclough), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470960707.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    East Malling Research, East Malling, Kent, UK

  2. 2

    Centre for Food Security, University of Reading, Reading, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 JUL 2011
  2. Published Print: 19 AUG 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813819921

Online ISBN: 9780470960707

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Keywords:

  • crop root systems - and soil nutrient uptake;
  • nutrients acquisition, immobile nutrients - phosphorus, and root architecture;
  • rooting depth, root distribution - in soil profile, genetic and environmental factors;
  • roots, to deform soil during elongation - influencing root penetration;
  • geometric simulation modeling - of bean root systems, varying in basal root angle;
  • auxin in plant development, in nutrient signal transduction pathways - still to be established;
  • root-microbe–soil interactions - influencing nutrient availability;
  • different root architecture - in response to soil conditions;
  • rhizosphere microorganisms, vital role - organic phosphorus utilization;
  • crop nutrition manipulation – and benefits gained

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Abstract

  • Introduction

  • Exploration of the soil

  • Accessing and capturing nutrients

  • Exploiting genotypic variation in root properties to improve nutrient capture

  • Management to optimize capture by root systems

  • References