3. Assessing Environmental Sustainability: Life Cycle Thinking and Life Cycle Assessment

  1. Adisa Azapagic and
  2. Slobodan Perdan
  1. Adisa Azapagic

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470972847.ch3

Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition

Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition

How to Cite

Azapagic, A. (2010) Assessing Environmental Sustainability: Life Cycle Thinking and Life Cycle Assessment, in Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition (eds A. Azapagic and S. Perdan), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470972847.ch3

Editor Information

  1. School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, The University of Manchester, UK

Author Information

  1. School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, The University of Manchester, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010
  2. Published Print: 15 DEC 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470718711

Online ISBN: 9780470972847

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Keywords:

  • assessing environmental sustainability - life cycle thinking and life cycle assessment;
  • Life cycle thinking and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) - examples of approaches and tools, gaining prominence;
  • environmental issues, characterized by their complexity - close links with economic and social aspects of sustainable development;
  • understanding complex web of environmental outcomes - caused by human activities, systematic and comprehensive approach going beyond single issues;
  • systems approach, known as life cycle thinking - or a life cycle approach, also a ‘cradle-to-grave’ approach;
  • life cycle of a product from ‘cradle to gate’ and ‘cradle to grave’;
  • LCA methodological framework - as defined by ISO;
  • quantification of environmental impacts - carried out in LCIA, enabling identification of most significant impacts;
  • environmental burdens, aggregating - according to relative contributions to environmental problems;
  • eco-indicator 99, definition of damage (endpoint) categories

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Life Cycle Thinking

  • Life Cycle Assessment

  • Using LCA as an Environmental Sustainability Tool: Some Examples

  • Conclusions

  • References and Further Reading