11. Bite Marks

  1. John Gall2 and
  2. Jason Payne-James3
  1. J. G. Clement

Published Online: 14 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470973158.ch11

Current Practice in Forensic Medicine

Current Practice in Forensic Medicine

How to Cite

Clement, J. G. (2011) Bite Marks, in Current Practice in Forensic Medicine (eds J. Gall and J. Payne-James), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470973158.ch11

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Royal Children's Hospital and Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia

  2. 3

    London Hospital Medical College, UK

Author Information

  1. Melbourne Dental School, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 4 FEB 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470744871

Online ISBN: 9780470973158



  • bite marks, injury patterns being or not being bite marks - in range of circumstances;
  • bite marks, as a result of one individual biting another;
  • bite-mark injuries, and interpretation - morphological characteristics, problematic;
  • mimicking bites, and other injuries - human bite marks on skin, two crescentic marks with concavities facing each other;
  • scanner technology, its capability - capturing multiple images in quick succession;
  • bites in foodstuffs - partially eaten foodstuffs, discarded at crime scenes;
  • examination of injuries in the dead - bodies, examined under good lighting, and in modern well- equipped mortuary conditions;
  • International Organization for Forensic Odonto-Stomatology (IOFOS) - umbrella organization for Forensic Odontology;
  • victim examination, in hospital casualty department - or specific sexual assault examination facility in private and tranquil settings, than the main hospital casualty area;
  • issues of consent, important - doubt in validity of consent, suspect advised to consult legal team


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction and cautionary remarks

  • Animal bites

  • Other injuries mimicking bites

  • Bites in foodstuffs

  • Examination of injuries in the dead

  • Examination of the living

  • Examination of the suspect

  • Trends in bite-mark analysis

  • Acknowledgement

  • References

  • Further reading