Standard Article

High pressure storage

Fuel Cell Technology and Applications

Hydrogen storage and hydrogen generation

Development prospects for hydrogen storage

  1. R. Funck

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470974001.f302007

Handbook of Fuel Cells

Handbook of Fuel Cells

How to Cite

Funck, R. 2010. High pressure storage. Handbook of Fuel Cells. .

Author Information

  1. COMAT Composite Materials GmbH, Kaiserslautern, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010


The use of hydrogen as an automotive fuel requires storage systems that have inherent safety as well as volumetric and gravimetric efficiency. While the market for composite pressure vessels is continuously growing, metallic and hoop wrapped metallic pressure vessels are more and more substituted by fully wrapped metal liner and all-composite pressure vessels, which bring weight savings of up to 75%.

Different types of composite pressure vessels are described in the following. Also equations for the estimation of the density of hydrogen gas and its energy content at different pressure levels are given. The description of design principals of pressure vessels is followed by the overview of manufacturing techniques and filament winding theory underlined by some typical examples taken from actual manufacturing. Future development of high pressure storage is also given within this contribution.


  • composite;
  • high pressure storage;
  • pressure vessels;
  • filament winding;
  • carbon fiber