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Steam reforming, ATR, partial oxidation: catalysts and reaction engineering

Fuel Cell Technology and Applications

Hydrogen storage and hydrogen generation

Fuel processing from hydrocarbons to hydrogen

  1. J. R. Rostrup-Nielsen,
  2. K. Aasberg-Petersen

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470974001.f302015

Handbook of Fuel Cells

Handbook of Fuel Cells

How to Cite

Rostrup-Nielsen, J. R. and Aasberg-Petersen, K. 2010. Steam reforming, ATR, partial oxidation: catalysts and reaction engineering. Handbook of Fuel Cells. .

Author Information

  1. Haldor Topsøe A/S, Lyngby, Denmark

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

Abstract

This chapter presents steam reforming and partial oxidation as a means for converting a hydrocarbon feedstock into a hydrogen containing gas for fuel cells. The different reactor concepts, choice of catalyst and causes of deactivation are described together with reaction mechanisms. The advantages and disadvantages of the alternatives are discussed with emphasis on efficiency, operating conditions, type of fuel cell, and simplicity.

Keywords:

  • reformer;
  • steam reforming;
  • autothermal reforming;
  • partial oxidation;
  • catalysts;
  • reaction;
  • reactor;
  • reaction engineering;
  • fuel processing