Well-to-wheel efficiencies of different fuel choices
Fuel Cell Technology and Applications
Hydrogen storage and hydrogen generation
Published Online: 15 DEC 2010
Copyright © John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Fuel Cells
How to Cite
Höhlein, B., Isenberg, G., Edinger, R. and Grube, T. 2010. Well-to-wheel efficiencies of different fuel choices. Handbook of Fuel Cells.
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2010
In order to assess a future fuel supply, it will be necessary to define and establish energy, emission and cost balances from the primary energy at the source or well up to the final energy carrier (fuel) at the filling station. In addition to vehicles with internal combustion engines, it will be necessary to give consideration to hybrid vehicles, battery-powered and fuel cell-powered electric vehicles supplied with fuels produced from both fossil and renewable resources. Overall balances (well-to-wheels) including fuel supply (well-to-tank) and the use of vehicles (tank-to-wheels) in terms of energy, emissions and costs are necessary.
- fuel supply;
- fossil energy;
- renewable energy;
- internal combustion engine;
- fuel cells;