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Well-to-wheel efficiencies of different fuel choices

Fuel Cell Technology and Applications

Hydrogen storage and hydrogen generation

Well-to-wheel efficiencies

  1. B. Höhlein1,
  2. G. Isenberg2,
  3. R. Edinger2,
  4. T. Grube1

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470974001.f302024

Handbook of Fuel Cells

Handbook of Fuel Cells

How to Cite

Höhlein, B., Isenberg, G., Edinger, R. and Grube, T. 2010. Well-to-wheel efficiencies of different fuel choices. Handbook of Fuel Cells.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany

  2. 2

    DaimlerChrysler AG, Ulm, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010


In order to assess a future fuel supply, it will be necessary to define and establish energy, emission and cost balances from the primary energy at the source or well up to the final energy carrier (fuel) at the filling station. In addition to vehicles with internal combustion engines, it will be necessary to give consideration to hybrid vehicles, battery-powered and fuel cell-powered electric vehicles supplied with fuels produced from both fossil and renewable resources. Overall balances (well-to-wheels) including fuel supply (well-to-tank) and the use of vehicles (tank-to-wheels) in terms of energy, emissions and costs are necessary.


  • fuel supply;
  • emission;
  • fossil energy;
  • renewable energy;
  • costs;
  • internal combustion engine;
  • hybrids;
  • fuel cells;
  • well-to-wheels;
  • well-to-tank;
  • tank-to-wheels